established in 1949
What is periodontitis or gum disease?
Periodontitis, or gum disease, is a common infection that damages the soft tissue and bone supporting the tooth without many signs or symptoms.
Without treatment, the alveolar bone around the teeth is slowly and progressively lost.
The term “periodontitis” means ” means inflammation around the tooth.” Microorganisms, such as bacteria, stick to the surface of the tooth and in the pockets surrounding the tooth, and they multiply in strengths like an army of bacteria. As the immune system reacts and toxins are released, inflammation occurs.
Untreated periodontitis will eventually result in tooth loss. It may increase the risk of stroke, heart attack and other health problems.
How do you know if you have periodontal disease?
The dentist screens a index score of the pocket depths of the gums against the teeth and bone and from this, it can be detected if the pockets are measuring deeper than 3mm, is inflamed and is bleeding upon probing.
What causes periodontal disease?
Bacterial plaque, a sticky, colourless membrane that develops over the surface of teeth, is the most common cause of periodontal disease. If plaque it not removed, it can harden to form tartar, or calculus.
Most cases of periodontitis are preventable through good dental hygiene.
Things to know about Periodontal Disease
- Periodontitis, or gum disease, affects the area around the tooth, including the bone and the gum.
- It happens when bacteria and plaque build up around the tooth, and the immune system launches a reaction.
- Good oral hygiene is part of both treatment and prevention, but sometimes surgery is necessary too.
- Smoking increases the risk of gum disease and of treatment not working.
- There appears to be a link between gum disease and conditions elsewhere in the body, such as heart disease.
Good oral hygiene
Regular brushing with a soft brush and fluoride toothpaste can help prevent gum disease.
Good oral hygiene should be followed daily, even if the teeth and gums are healthy, to prevent infection.
Proper dental care involves brushing teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day. If there is enough space between the teeth, an interdental brush is recommended.
Soft-picks can be used when the space between the teeth is smaller. Patients with arthritis and others with dexterity problems may find that using an electric toothbrush is better for a thorough cleaning.
Periodontitis is a chronic, or long-term, inflammatory disease. If good oral hygiene is not maintained, it will recur.
Contact us now
Warm staff, quality dental care
(07) 3848 2478
We would love to hear from you
139 Park Road
Yeerongpilly QLD 4105
All our dentists have an accumulative 25 years of experiences with expertise and qualifications in implants, orthodontics and sleep medicine.
International post-graduate, international certified orthodontics and internationally qualifed dental implant surgeons.
It is with heart and humbleness that we say thank you to our beautiful families and now friends who truly make us enjoy every part of your dental journey and allows us to do what we love to do best.
Children are often nervous when it is time to visit the dentist. However, this experience can be made more relaxed both for them and the